Originally named “Yuma” by Arawak Indians, the island was renamed “Fernandina” by Christopher Columbus in 1492. However, Long Island earned its current name because a seafarer felt it took too long to sail past the island. After all, it is 80 miles long, but no more than four miles wide at its broadest point. The Tropic of Cancer runs directly through the island, giving it two very different coastlines—the dramatic cliffs and caves of the east coast that front the crashing Atlantic waves, and the sandy edged lee side which slopes calmly into the Bahamas Bank. Here you’ll find Dean’s Blue Hole, historic twin churches built in the 1800s and one of the largest caves in The Bahamas.

Hamilton’s Cave

Hamilton’s Cave

One of the largest caves in The Bahamas, this ancient cave system has passages 50 feet wide and a ceiling over 10 feet high. Artifacts and cave drawings from the Lucayan Indian tribe were discovered here in 1935.

Twin Churches

Twin Churches

Two churches in Clarence Town, credited to Father Jerome Hawes, have a similar appearance with twin towers. St. Paul's Church was built when he was Anglican. St. Peter's & St. Paul's Church was designed after he became Roman Catholic.

Contrasting Coastlines

Contrasting Coastlines

Divided by the Tropic of Cancer and a towering spine of ancient reef, the dramatic cliffs and caves of the east coast front the crashing Atlantic waves, and the soft, sandy-edged lee side slopes calmly into the Bahamas Bank.

Long Island

Dean’s Blue Hole

Enclosed on three sides by natural rock and the fourth by a turquoise lagoon and white-sand beach, it is 80 x 120 feet (25 x 35m) wide on the surface and 330 feet (100m) 

Adderley Point: See the remains of Adderley Plantation and the graves of the slaves cemetery.
Bunches: Gas station/Groceries store in one.

Just south of Deadman's cay is Buckleys.

Long Island Library and Museum: chronicles the islands history and culture.
tel/fax = 242-337-0500 Museum hours M-F 9am-5pm, Sat 9am-1pm, Sun Closed.

library long island museum bahamas


Clarence Town has one of the prettiest harbors in the Bahamas. This is the reason why cruise ships such as the American Canadian Caribbean Line's Niagara Prince and Mayan Price anchors in Clarence Town.

Clarence Town is the island's capital.

The Government's packing house is in Clarence Town. It is here that once a week the mail boat collects produce brought to the packing house by the farmers in the area. The farmers sell the produce to the Government and in the local market.

Slave Canal: Slaves brought in by the Loyalists built this canal. The purpose was to allow water from the ocean to flow into the ponds to make salt.

Government Headquarters are located in Clarence Town.

Deals: Tourist Center is located here. Great for obtaining new maps of the island.
Deans: Turtle Cove is south of Deans. If going south, turn left at the pink building to go to the world's deepest blue hole (663 ft). This is the world's 2nd largest underwater cavern. To dive the blue hole you can e-mail: info@verticalblue.net
Deadman's Cay:

Most of the islanders live in Deadman's Cay, this is the main settlement and the largest town in Long Island.

Deadman's Cay Airport.
Dunmore's Caves: has 2 tunnels. One tunnel leads to the ocean and had never been fully explored. You can view 2 old Indian drawings on the wall.
Deadman's Cay Cave: look for the native drawings on the cavern wall.
St. Athanatius Church from 1929.

Deadman's Cay Sponge Company: Sponge harvesting that is exported around the world. You can also find sponges on the beach at our villa.

The morbid name, 'Deadman's Cay' is said to have come from when the dead were buried in a nearby cay just off shore from this town.


Dunmore Plantation Ruins. Dunmore was named for a former governor, Lord Dunmore, of The Bahamas. His former slave plantation lies in ruins here. It is situated on a hill overlooking the sea on three sides. Six gateposts, a house with two fireplaces containing drawings of ships on the wall and an indication of a wheel that was once used is all that remains.

Dunmore's Cave: This cave was once lived in by Indians and later used by buccaneers as an occasional hideaway.

Dunmore Assumption Catholic Church.

Fords: Fords is known for it's white sandy beach with crystal clear waters and is one of the island's best swimming areas. It is located north of Mortimers.
Glinton Sound: Columbus Landing. Long Island was the 3rd island Columbus landed on during his first voyage. You can climb a rocky hill up to a monument which stands on the cliff overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. The inscription on the monument reads, "The monument is dedicated to the gentle peaceful and happy Aboriginal people of Long Island, The Lucayans, and to the arrival of Christopher Columbus on October 17, 1492."
Gordons: Located at the most southern end of Long Island, if you are into hog hunting or goat rearing, this town is for you. Gordon's has a wonderful beach.

Gray's Woods Cotton Plantation Ruins are found in Grays. Grays is known for sheep farming.

Guana Cay: Guana Cay Bay is a shallow bay where you can swim to the island of Guana Cay located (500 ft off shore). Curly-tailed iguanas live here that you can hand-feed. You can also snorkel over to the wreck of an old freighter in about 15 ft of water.
Hamilton's: One of the Bahamas largest cave systems is located in Hamilton's.
Hard Bargain: Hard Bargain used to be the site of a huge salt operation called Diamond Crystal Salt Co. which produced salt. It was then purchased by a shrimp breeding farm called World Wide protein LTD which closed in the 1970's. >Renter review, Turn right after Morrisville school hard to find but worth it. 
Hog Cay:  
Lockabar Bay: This cove is a blue hole with a small beach. Coral Reefs lie just off shore. One of the most beautiful white sandy beach in Long Island.
Mangrove Bush: This town is all about boating. A fishing town with traditional Regatta boat building and the place where Rupert Knowles was raised (the person who started the Regatta and a legendary boat builder).
McKann's: Stop here for a another view of Thompson Bay (you can see our villa here).
Millerton: You'll find a school, a cemetary and an old whitewashed church here.
Mortimers: This is the site of the Cartwright Duho Cave where 3 Lucayan duhos (ceremonial Stools) were found by Carlton Cartwright in 1988. Call Leonard Cartwright for a guided tour 242-337-0235
Newton's Cay:

Newton's Cay is an uninhabited island joined to the mainland by a short bridge across a creek.

Newton's Cay is the site of the model boat regatta in October with a barbecue and volleyball tournament.

O'Neils: This community is known for it's straw works. It is one of the few towns located on the east side of the island as most people prefer the calmer west side of the island. Turn at sign labeled Crossroads. Town is only about .5 of a mile in.

Hamilton's Cave: one of the largest caves in the Bahamas (1500 ft). with stalagmites, stalactites, lucayan artifacts, and a stone walkway with saltwater on one side and fresh water on the other. Call Leonard Cartwright for a tour 242-337-0235.

Pinders: Take the newer larger road to the left and drive to the end. Park the car and walk down this treaturous road. When you get to the beach you will see Guana Cay. During low tide you can snorkle over to the island where you can bird watch. Careful not to step on the eggs the birds have laid on the sand.
Salt Pond:

Long Island Regatta (held in mid- May). Our villa is the place to stay during the Regatta. If you have an interest in sailboats the Regatta is for you. Sailboats participating in the Regatta will pass right by our villa to get to Salt Pond (which is on the other side of the peninsula our villa is located on). You can enjoy the view from our Lanai. The Regatta is a big four day festival event held in Salt Pond where Bahamians build their own sail boats by hand and compete in the event. Bands play during the event and rum is served. Another viewing option to is to walk down the driveway and straight across the road to the Bahamian Village (as of today Bahamian Village is not open but they hope to have a hot dog stand open during the Regatta where you can sit down under a hut to watch the Regatta). You can also walk to Salt Pond and board a spectator boat in for a close -up view of the action. The Regatta was started in 1967 by a boat lover named Rupert Knowles. Mr. Knowles has long since passed away in 1986 however, his relatives are still found on the island and his Regatta lives on. He is the grandfather of Judy Knowles (Judy owns a furniture store in Deadman's Cay). Judy opens up a bar area in the back of her furniture store during the Regatta. His son, Mac built a Regatta winner boat named Rupert's Legend in honor of his dad.

Salt Pond is the mail commercial node of Long Island. A small lobster fleet business is based here as well as a fish processing plant.

Mail boat 'Sherice M' arrives from Nassau weekly and the locals will gather for the occasion.

Salt Pond was named after the numerous salt ponds in this area.

There is also a couple of caves in Salt Pond.


Model Boat Fest takes place at Bridge Beach near Seymours in Newton cay each August, call Alvin Smith for details 242-338-5273

Look for the sign leading to the Columbus Memorial (a 15 ft concrete and iron obelisk). This is a long treck in by foot up a steep hill, so wear your walking shoes.


St. Peter's Anglican Church and a Methodist Church.
Behind the post office is a small stone jail still bearing the sign 'HER MAJESTY's PRISON' but no longer in use.

Simms is one of the oldest towns on Long Island. It is the main town at the northern end of the island. It was named after a family who lived here in the 17th century according to local Mario Simms, who owns the Blue Chip Restaurant. Mario is a decendant of the original Simms family. The Simms were into farming and up until 7 years ago (around 2002, they even grew pineapples). Mario feels that the younger generation no longer wanted to take up farming and went into becoming lawyers and doctors instead. Ivy Simms, a direct decedent of this family started a designer straw craft business here.


Stella Marais:

Stella Marais was once an upscale residential community built on a hill overlooking the breezy rocky shoreline of the Atlantic Ocean. Although the homes are now older, the view is still spectacular. The beach is not protected by reefs so the waters can be sometime turbulent producing sever undertows (so we don't recommend swimming here). Have a quaint lunch Stella Marais Resort.

Stella Marais Airport.

Adderley's Plantation: The entire community lies on the old Adderly cotton Plantation. The cotton fields were purchased by a German developer in the 1960's which became Stella Marais Resort. The ruins consist of a group of 3 buildings and a small cemetery.

Shipwreck by Loves beach. 

The Bight The remains of what is said to be the oldest church on Long Island are located in The Bight, called St. Mary's Angelican Church built by the Spanish in the 1600's.